An introduction to the himalayas the highest mountain system in the world

About 50 million years ago this fast moving Indo-Australian Plate had completely closed the Tethys Oceanthe existence of which has been determined by sedimentary rocks settled on the ocean floor and the volcanoes that fringed its edges. They stretch 4, miles 7, km from north to south, along the west coast of the continent.

How The Himalayas Shape Climate In Asia

The Himalayas continue, turning slightly northeast, through the Indian State of Arunachal Pradesh as well as Tibet, before reaching their easterly conclusion in the peak of Namche Barwasituated in Tibet inside the great bend of the Yarlang Tsangpo river.

Beyond lies the renown Kashmir Valley and the town and lakes of Srinagar. This same mountain range blocks cold winds from Siberia from penetrating the region.

What is the highest mountain range in the world? While not as forbidding as the Great Himalayas to the north, this range has nonetheless served to isolate the valleys of the Himalayas from the plains of the Indus and Ganges rivers in Pakistan and northern India.

The bulk of goods from the Himalayas, as well as goods destined for places within the Himalayas, generally come to Indian railheads, located in the Tarai, by road.

They form a barrier which separates northern India from the plateau of Tibet. Geologic Formation and Structure The Himalayan mountain system developed in a series of stages 30 to 50 million years ago.

Those migrating cultures — Hindu IndianBuddhist TibetanIslamic Afghanistan—Iran and Animist Burmese and south-eastern Asian — without any doubt have created here their own individual and unique place.

The Sub-Himalayas, which is the southernmost and the lowest zone, borders the plains of North India and Pakistan. The governments of India, Nepal, and Bhutan are aware of the dangers of environmental degradation in the Himalayas, and environmental management concerns are being integrated in development projects in this region.

The glaciers and snowfields of the Andes supply water to the arid coast of central South America as well as to the Amazon Basin. The Himalayan range stretches uninterruptedly for km from west to east, between the Nanga Parbat 8, m in the disputed region of Jammu and Kashmir and the Namcha Barwa 7, m in Tibet.

There are few animals in the Middle Himalayas because of extensive deforestation. The Himalayas are the great mountain system of Asia. Finally, some people place a great importance on jewellery.

The movement of the Indian plate into the Asian plate also makes this region seismically active, leading to earthquakes from time to time. Pilgrims and traders have frequented this region through centuries.

The Rockies are located between the Great Plains on the east from which they rise abruptly for most of their length and a series of broad basins and plateaus on the west. The Eastern Ghats extend about mi 1, kmwith an average elevation of about 2, ft mand the Western Ghats run some mi 1, km along the southwestern and western coast, with average elevations from 3, ft m to 5, ft 1, m.

Tarns are found mostly in the upper reaches of the Himalaya, above 5, metres. Deforestation is a particular concern in the western Himalayas, where increased demand for firewood, extensive tree trimming in order to feed livestock, and construction of roads in the border regions have increased the destruction rate of forests and the number of landslides.

They believe that the trees in the poplar grove came from the walking sticks of eighty-four ancient Indian Buddhist magicians or mahasiddhas.

Further west, the border with India follows the Sarda River and provides a trade route into China, where on the Tibetan plateau lies the high peak of Gurla Mandhata.

People of western Kashmir are Muslims and have a culture similar to the inhabitants of Afghanistan and Iran. The high mountains to the north of the Tsangpo including Gyala Perihowever, are also sometimes also included in the Himalayas.

Sugarcane, tea, oilseeds, and potatoes are other major crops. Regional variations in environmental degradation exist in the Himalayas. About 13 million people live in the Alps in over 6, communities. The Himalayas are also believed to play an important part in the formation of Central Asian deserts, such as the Taklamakan and Gobi.

One such peak is the Mount Everest, the highest peak in the world with a height of m. Thus, the region has become extremely prone to landslides.The Himalayas are a young dynamic mountain system and include the highest peaks, deepest gorges and highest glaciers in the world.

The region has a wide variety of ecosystems, ranging from grasslands and subtropical forests to high alpine meadows. An Introduction to the Himalayas the Highest Mountain System in the World PAGES 7. WORDS 1, View Full Essay.

More essays like this: highest mountain system in the world, house of snow, the himalayas. Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University.

Top 10 Mountain Ranges in the World

Watch video · NATURE takes us on a stunning journey to the Himalayas. From Everest to the Tibetan Plateau, from the Gaumukh to the Ganges, this episode introduces us to a complex, interconnected natural world that continues to inspire, challenge and amaze the human race.

The Himalayas range, averaging to km ( to mi) in width, rises sharply from the Gangetic Plain. North of this mountain belt lies the Tibetan Plateau (Qing Zang Gaoyuan). The Himalayas form the earth's highest mountain region, containing 9 of the 10 highest peaks in the world. And being the world's highest mountain chain, it constitutes the greatest attraction to climbers and trekkers throughout the world.

But more than anything else, the Himalayas represent the awe-inspiring power, beauty, and grandeur of Nature. The Himalayas, or Himalaya (/ ˌ h ɪ m ə ˈ l eɪ ə, h ɪ ˈ m ɑː l ə j ə /), form a mountain range in Asia separating the plains of the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau.

The Himalayan range has many of the Earth's highest peaks, including the highest, Mount Everest.

An introduction to the himalayas the highest mountain system in the world
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