For example, if someone were to get extremely sick after eating fish before they may not want to eat fish ever again. Based on personal exposure Phobias and addictions essay addicts and drug use, addiction is so complex, sometimes therapy is not enough to elp addicts understand the patterns of irrational behavior that occur with addiction.
References American Psychological Association. This will take them out of their natural environment and put them in an environment where they can learn to not use drugs.
Addictions through operant Conditioning Another difficult and often destructive behavior is addiction.
There is a good possibility to stop an addiction through extinction. Peer pressure and environmental stimuli are driving factors that persuade people to abusing drugs or alcohol. An example of the first would be touching hot items or a bad experience while swimming.
The Operant stage of addiction includes the voluntary addiction seeking behaviors such as those experienced by long term drug and alcohol users. Through the process of conditioning, he or she awakens at the sound of the alarm.
Operant conditioning is generally the result of classical conditioning. One object was a white rat which the boy, Albert, actually enjoyed to play with. A story about the boogeyman would be a phobia generated by parents to instill fear amongst children.
Whenever an irrational or illogical decision such as those found in phobias and addiction, a challenge is presented to find the path that made the choice logical or rational.
Both classical and operant conditionings are two types of learning. An example from the text discusses how Watson and Rayner experimented with classical conditioning with a nine month old boy. Some associations result in phobias or addictions and although extinction can occur, the process of changing a response is difficult.
Often, the addict will seek out those feelings of pleasure to avoid the pain and distress when they are not using the addictive substance. Some other addictions are: If a child sees their parent smoking as they grow up they make develop the addition of smoking through their parent modeling the addiction.
Both depend on the modifications that arise in behaviors when derived from the setting or the behavior itself and necessitate a systematic process.
For Albert, classical conditioning created these behaviors. Using drugs for example often result in both pleasure and pain responses. The text gives the example of how a dog can learn to distinguish when he is going to be fed by hearing the bell ring and then being served food immediately afterwards.
Journal of Psychopharmacology, The use of extinction in addiction therapy can take more than one approach. To maintain positive behaviors sustain and reinforce connections or extinction ultimately will occur. As children, people develop phobias based on experiences or in some cases on beliefs passed on from parents.
After extinction, recovery is often short term.
Similar to addiction, phobias are developed through the classical and operant conditioning stages. The consequence here is the child getting grounded. In operant conditioning the environment will produce consequences that will create new behaviors to form.
Review of General Psychology, 13 4Fritscher, L. If this process is consistently repeated, the child eventually will fall asleep on his or her own.
Classical and operant conditioning allow people to survive, thrive, and adjust to a continually changing situation. It is based in the cause and affects principle of being.
Phobias and addictions are two emotional situations that have in one way or another, occurred in the lives of everyday people. Produced in a similar process are phobias, addictions, and the process of extinction. How to Write a Summary of an Article?
If the dog salivates every time he hears the bell ring because he associates the ringing of the bell with food then what happens if the dog is not fed immediately after the ringing of the bell?Classical conditioning and operant conditioning are two different ways people learn things and develop certain behaviors - Phobias and Addictions Paper introduction.
People can develop phobias and addictions through classical and operant conditioning. “In classical conditioning, an environmental stimulus leads to a learned response, through pairing of an unconditioned stimulus with a. Phobias and Addictions PSY Phobias and Addictions In today’s society, many individuals suffer from phobias and addictions.
Phobias and addictions are typically paired because those with an addiction began with a phobia they were unaware of.
Phobias and Addiction PSY October 22, Phobias and Addiction Learning a behavior is gaining knowledge or skills through experience, practice, or conditioning. For example, most people learn to wake up at the sound of an alarm clock.
Essay on Phobias and Addictions. Phobias and Addictions Valerie Brown PSY/ December 10, Pamela Parks Phobias and Addictions Phobias and addictions are two behaviors which can be understood and explained by applying the principles of conditioning.
Throughout the essay there will be three different treatments with three different phobias in ways to cure a phobia; the first is a trauma-focused treatment approach for travel phobia, assessment and treatment for childhood phobias, and hypnosis in faci.
Both phobias and addictions represent two emotional challenges which associative learning theorists can explain through classical and operant conditioning.Download